反对过多的同型交配(assortative mating)

以下是Duke of Qin在Unz Review上写的,加上我对其的中国翻译。我基本同意他的说法。有些人可能觉得同型交配能创造出更多顶端的人,无论是智商,还是身高,还是富翁。右派人容易注重精英,而忽略平均,忽略群众。这种做法显得提升效率,可是长远它是得社会更不稳定,其促进的阶层固化自然会导致更加深入的社会矛盾阻止健康的发展。


This also needs to be said, long term assortative mating is bad, very very bad for civilization. You know what happens when assortative mating gets taken too far? A caste system. Basically creating multiculturalism and even multiracialism. Do as your ancestors have done and marry the pretty but not so bright girl and sire children with her. This spreads the smart genes around and ensures sufficient churn in the elites that stasis never sets in. Otherwise your civilization turns into India. India is a shithole, partly because the average Indian isn’t very bright, but mostly because their maladaptive caste system wrecked their society some 2000 years ago. The problem of the caste system is that it sets permanent status at birth, reproductive access without work, and lowers the general competitiveness of a society all around. Indian society has basically zero permanent social mobility because of endogamous mating and this means that not only are smart bright people not able to climb their way up in society, but stupidity by the elites is never punished as harshly as warranted. Merit is unrecognized, failure is tolerated and ignored, all to maintain group endogamy and caste advantage.

也必须得说,长期同型交配对文明是非常非常不好的。你知道过多的同型交配会导致什么么?一个社会等级制度,甚至种姓制度。基本上在创造出多文化主义,甚至多民族主义,多种族主义。如你祖先曾做的,找个漂亮但不那么聪明的姑娘结婚,然后跟她繁殖。这会扩散那些聪明的基因,保证精英代代更换到永不固化的程度。不然,你的文明会变成印度。印度很糟糕,部分因为印度人平均不太聪明,但主要因为他们适应性不良的种姓制度两千年多年前就毁掉了他们的社会。种姓制度的问题是将阶层在出身时永久设定,允许无功劳地获得繁殖对象,导致整体社会竞争力下降。由于同型交配,印度社会基本没有永久的社会流动性,这说明不光聪明人无法靠他们的能力上升,精英的愚蠢作为也从来得不到应当的处罚。功劳不得以认可和奖励,失败被容忍忽略,皆为保持同型交配及种姓优势。

With all of the terrible consequences of such a system, you have to wonder why it has persisted so long. The simple answer is that it does have single, but huge, advantage compared to more exogamous and equitable societies, civilizational metastability. Assortative mating results in fixed elites and the shattering of the masses into even more distinct subgroups. This makes it impossible for lower status groups to organize and gang up on those on the top because intergroup trust and ability to cooperate is non existent. The elites rests securely on top with minimal effort. You know what is almost non-existent in India history? Peasant rebellions. Oh castes were perfectly willing to fight each other over petty spoils and marginal differences in status, but they could never take collective action to challenge the elites. They simply couldn’t because there was no “smarter than the average bear” Jean-baptiste, or Johann, or Jin Yang willing to say I’m just as smart as the local lord/king/emperor so fuck him, get your pitchforks boys. In caste societies, the elites enjoy being elites for a long time, if not forever, and the society itself has achieved a metastable position at extreme cost of overall competitiveness.

这种体制如此糟糕的后果会让你想它为什么能持续那么久。简单的回答是他有个大优势,相对于更通婚,更平等的社会,那就是社会“亚稳定性”。同型交配导致精英固化,以及群众被分至更多异类的子群体。这使得低阶层群体无法联合打压统治阶层,因为子群体之间没有任何信任和合作能力。统治阶层轻松地高高在上。你知道什么在印度历史上几乎不存在么?农民起义。不同种姓甘心于为了自己的小利益以及它们之间微小了阶层差异互相争夺,但它们从来无法发起集体运动挑战统治阶层。因为出不了聪明的平民愿意说,“我比地区贵族(或国王,黄帝)更聪明,所以让他滚蛋,好汉们快把你们的棍子拿出来”!在种姓社会里,统治阶层不是永久就是长期享受着他们的统治地位,然后社会会达到一个“亚稳定”状态,在整体竞争力的大代价下。

To use a more contemporary metaphor, think of pubstars pwning noobs all day in pub games for shits and giggles. Because the level of play and competition is so low, they never learn to lose bad habits accrued over time nor up their level of skill to the next level because there is no need to. Then when they play true pros, that skirmish against each other regularly and where the minimal standard of play is so high that stupid mistakes and harshly and ruthlessly punished, they get pwned themselves like the newbs they are.

用一个更接近现代生活的比喻,可以想到酒吧明星天天在酒吧游戏里秒杀初手。因为竞争水平如此之低,那些人从来不会丢掉他们长期积累的坏习惯,也不会把他们的水平提高一阶,因为没有必要。然后,一旦那些底线水平高到初级错误被严厉处罚的高手进来,他们自己会被彻底秒杀,如初手一样。

Yeah, so assortative mating when carried out too far is bad. Do marry your cute secretary. Do it not only for yourself, but for your very civilization!

对,所以过多的同型交配是不好的。要跟你的可爱的秘书结婚。不光为了你自己,也为了你自己的文明!


也必须得说,长期同型交配对文明是非常非常不好的。你知道过多的同型交配会导致什么么?一个社会等级制度,甚至种姓制度。基本上在创造出多文化主义,甚至多民族主义,多种族主义。如你祖先曾做的,找个漂亮但不那么聪明的姑娘结婚,然后跟她繁殖。这会扩散那些聪明的基因,保证精英代代更换到永不固化的程度。不然,你的文明会变成印度。印度很糟糕,部分因为印度人平均不太聪明,但主要因为他们适应性不良的种姓制度两千年多年前就毁掉了他们的社会。种姓制度的问题是将阶层在出身时永久设定,允许无功劳地获得繁殖对象,导致整体社会竞争力下降。由于同型交配,印度社会基本没有永久的社会流动性,这说明不光聪明人无法靠他们的能力上升,精英的愚蠢作为也从来得不到应当的处罚。功劳不得以认可和奖励,失败被容忍忽略,皆为保持同型交配及种姓优势。

这种体制如此糟糕的后果会让你想它为什么能持续那么久。简单的回答是他有个大优势,相对于更通婚,更平等的社会,那就是社会“亚稳定性”。同型交配导致精英固化,以及群众被分至更多异类的子群体。这使得低阶层群体无法联合打压统治阶层,因为子群体之间没有任何信任和合作能力。统治阶层轻松地高高在上。你知道什么在印度历史上几乎不存在么?农民起义。不同种姓甘心于为了自己的小利益以及它们之间微小了阶层差异互相争夺,但它们从来无法发起集体运动挑战统治阶层。因为出不了聪明的平民愿意说,“我比地区贵族(或国王,黄帝)更聪明,让他滚蛋,好汉们把你们的棍子拿出来”!在种姓社会里,统治阶层永久或长期地享受他们的统治地位,然后社会会达到一个“亚稳定”状态,在整体竞争力的大代价下。

用一个更接近现代生活的比喻,可以想到酒吧明星天天在酒吧游戏里秒杀初手。因为竞争水平如此之低,那些人从来不会丢掉他们长期积累的坏习惯,也不会把他们的水平提高一阶,因为没有必要。然后,一旦那些底线水平高到初级错误被严厉处罚的高手进来,他们自己会被彻底秒杀,如初手一样。

对,所以过多的同型交配是不好的。要跟你的可爱的秘书结婚。不光为了你自己,也为了你自己的文明!

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